Population - 30 565 411 people (2020). The major ethnic groups: about 80% of the modern population of Uzbekistan are Uzbeks, over 10% are representatives of other peoples of Central Asia (4.5% Tajiks, 2.5% Kazakh, 2% Karakalpak, 1% Kyrgyz, Turkmen and others).
Russians and other Slavic peoples (10%) remain one of the largest ethnic minorities. The main languages of communication are Uzbek, Tajik, and Russian.
An important feature of the geographical location is that the country have no direct access to the sea: to reach the sea one would need to cross at least borders of at least two countries (a double land-locked country).
The capital city, Tashkent has a population of 2.57 million people. The five largest cities but Tashkent are:
Namangan (591 800)
Samarkand (519 700)
Andijan (425 500)
Bukhara (276 433)
Fergana (184 500)
Uzbekistan's GDP is 66.733 billion USD, ranking 105th in the world. Gross domestic product in PPP (purchasing power parity) is 61st globally.
GDP per capita. GNI per capita based on PPP in Uzbekistan is 6110 USD (world's 150th).
According to the World Bank's Doing Business rating, Uzbekistan was ranking 69th (2020) and 76th (2019) in the past 2 years. Local currency - Uzbek sum (UZS).
The average monthly salary in 2019 was 2.32 million soums per month. Current exchange rate is 10200 Soum per 1 USD.
The main sectors of the economy are the production of fruits and vegetables, the chemical, silk, automotive and tourism industries.
The main export items of Uzbekistan are gold, energy and oil products, textile products, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, food products, and chemical products.
In 2019, cotton exports totaled USD 222 million, exported production of textile industry amounted to USD 771.2 million.