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Population: 44.49 million (2018). Argentines are the third largest ethnic group in South America and fourth in Latin America. Only Brazilians (203 million), Mexicans (108 million) and Colombians (52 million) are more numerous. The country ranks 88th in the world in terms of population and 112th in terms of territory.
The ethnic composition of the population: Argentines (white descendants of Spanish and Italian settlers) - 82%, Italians - 5%, Spaniards - 4%, Jews - 3%, Indian peoples (Quechua, Guarani) - 3%.
There are over forty spoken languages in Argentina, with Spanish being the predominant language. The dominant language in the country as a whole is the so-called Rioplat dialect, which emerged in the Buenos Aires region under the powerful influence of the language of Italian immigrants. This dialect spread from the capital city throughout the south of the country during the conquest of the desert, and was then popularized by the capital's media in the 20-21st centuries. At the same time, on the northwestern periphery of Argentina, the Spanish dialects of the Andean variety (Cordoba, Santiago del Ester, Jujuy) continue to be preserved. In addition to Native American dialects, there are languages of various immigrants.
Features: the country is landlocked
Capital - Buenos Aires, 2.89 million (2010)
Five largest cities in Argentina
Cordoba 1,267,521 people
La Plata 563,943
Mar del Plata 541,733
San Miguel de Tucuman 527,150
Argentina on world's map
According to the World Bank's "Doing Business" rating, Argentina is ranked 126th out of 190 countries. Currency: Argentine peso.
The GDP is 450 billion USD (2019). Annual GDP growth rate: 5.4%, GDP per capita 9729 USD (2019), GDP per capita PPP - 22034 USD (2019) Annual inflation rate: 40.6% (Jul . 2020) Minimum wages: 16875 ARS/month | 226.678 USD / month (Aug 2020), unemployment rate: 10.4% (Q1/20). Real cost of living: 10400 ARS/month. | 148.22 USD/month (2018)
Main industries: Extraction industry (gold, platinum, zinc, manganese, uranium, copper and sulfur). Petrochemicals: gas tanks in General Daniel Cerri.
The second line of Argentina's exports is gasoline, natural gas, petrochemicals, accounting for 20% of total exports. The main deposits are in Patagonia, Cuyo and in the northeast; the province of Neuquen is located in the center of the hydrocarbon production zone.
The network of oil and gas pipelines pumps the resources to Bahia Blanca, where the main pool of petrochemical indistries is located, as well as to the industrial conurbation between Rosario and La Plata, in the middle of which the Greater Buenos Aires is located.
Food industry and fishing industry
The Argentine Sea sits above an extended offshore platform extremely rich in marine resources, extending 550 km to the 52º parallel and comprising 1,890,000 km².
Initially, fishing developed as a secondary industry, and due to the crisis in the population of hake, the main marine product in Argentina, caused by unregulated fishing in the 1990s, its exports decreased from 3% to 2%.
2010 was a record year for fish exports (worth 1.33 billion USD). Until now, the country consumes no more than 5-7% of the fish caught, since the Argentinean diet is tied to meat.
Today, Argentina's forested area is 33,190,000 hectares, and the country has lost about 70% of its forests over the past 100 years.
Logging and production of furniture, mainly pine and eucalyptus, is expanding. The centers of production are the provinces of Mesopotamia. Exports exceed 2% of the total.
Export 4903 mln. USD | 4.903 billion USD (Jul 2020)
TOP 10 goods exported from Argentina in 2019
13.1% (8.56 billion USD): Oilcakes and other solid waste from soybean extraction oils, unmilled or ground, not granular or granular
9.13% (5.94 billion USD): Corn
5.25% (3.42 billion USD): Motor vehicles for the transport of goods
5.22% (3.4 billion USD): Soybeans, whether or not crushed
5.02% (3.26 billion USD): Soybean oil and its fractions, unrefined or refined, but no change in chemical composition
3.54% (2.3 billion USD): Bovine meat, frozen
3.52% (.29 billion USD): Wheat and meslin
2.98% (.94 billion USD): Gold (including gold plated with platinum) raw or semi-finished, or in powder form
1.71% (1.11 billion USD): Crude oils and crude oils obtained from bituminous minerals
Imports total 3.427 billion USD (Jul. 2020)
TOP - 10 goods imported to Argentina
4.81% (2.36 billion USD): Cars and other motor vehicles designed primarily for the transport of persons (other than motor vehicles), including commercial vans and racing cars
4.15% (2.04 billion USD): Parts and accessories for motor vehicles
3.79% (1.86 billion USD): Oil and oil products obtained from bituminous minerals, excluding crude; products containing 70% or more of petroleum or petroleum products derived from bituminous minerals, these petroleum products being the main constituents of the preparations; waste oils
3.46% (1.69 billion USD): Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons
3.26% (1.6 billion USD): Soybeans, whether or not crushed
2.24% (1.1 billion USD): Medicinal products consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic use, packaged in unit dosage forms
2.09% (1.02 billion USD): Transmitting apparatus for broadcasting or television, whether or not receiving, recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras, digital cameras and camcorders
1.79% (879 million): Telephone sets, including telephones for cellular networks or other wireless networks; other apparatus for transmitting or receiving voice, images or other data, including apparatus for communication in a wired or wireless data network
1.67% (824 million USD): Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic purposes; immune sera, other blood fractions and immunological products, modified or unmodified, vaccines, toxins, cultures of microorganisms (excluding yeast) and similar products
1.6% (786 million USD): Computing machines and their units; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transferring data to storage media in coded form, and machines for processing such information.
5 largest companies in Argentina
5 largest banks
Banco Macro S.A. - one of the main backbone Argentine banks headquartered in the city of Buenos Aires. The bank was founded in 1976 and is now the largest commercial private bank in Argentina under government ownership. The bank is leading in terms of profitability.
Banco de la Nacion Argentina
List of companies / business directory in Argentina